Installation script for Nextcloud in Debian 8/9/10
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#!/bin/bash
################################################################################
# Author: poka (poka@p2p.legal)
# Version: 0.1
# License: AGPL-3.0 (https://choosealicense.com/licenses/agpl-3.0/)
################################################################################
### Variables ###
nc_domain="" # Votre nom de domaine pour votre nextcloud. Si vide il prendra le premier argument que vous passerez, sinon le hostname de votre machine
nc_port=80 # Numéro de port d'écoute de nginx
admin_user="admin" # Le pseudo du compte admin
admin_pass="admin" # Le mot de passe que vous désirez pour le compte admin
db_pass="" # Le mot de passe que vous désirez pour MariaDB. Si vide, un mot de passe aléatoire sécurisé sera choisi
isSSL=false # true si nextcloud et nginx doivent être configuré en https
configMaria=auto # Mettez manual ou auto, attention auto est expérimental et vraiment pas recommendé
p2env=false # true si vous êtes dans un environnement p2p.legal
#################
if [ "$EUID" -ne 0 ]
then echo "Veuillez executez ce script en root"
exit 1
fi
## Set var
[[ -z $nc_domain ]] && nc_domain=$1
[[ -z $nc_domain ]] && nc_domain=$(echo $HOSTNAME.p2p.legal)
[[ -z $db_pass ]] && db_pass="$(cat /dev/urandom | tr -dc 'a-zA-Z0-9' | fold -w 32 | head -n 1)" && echo "Votre mot de passe mysql nextcloud est : $db_pass" >> /root/nextcloud_mysql_pwd.txt
db_pass_root="$(cat /dev/urandom | tr -dc 'a-zA-Z0-9~!@#$%^&*_-' | fold -w 32 | head -n 1)"
if [[ p2env == "true" ]]; then
cd /nextcloud/.install_templates/
else
[[ ! -e .install_templates ]] && echo "Erreur: Le dossier .install_templates n'existe pas, installation impossible." && exit 1
cd .install_templates
fi
## Set apt key and upgrade system
apt update -y
apt upgrade -y
apt install nginx mariadb-server apt-transport-https curl gnupg2 git lsb-release ssl-cert ca-certificates apt-transport-https tree locate software-properties-common dirmngr screen htop net-tools zip unzip curl ffmpeg ghostscript libfile-fcntllock-perl -y
linux_version=$(cat /etc/os-release | grep VERSION_CODENAME | awk -F '=' '{ print $2}')
wget -q https://packages.sury.org/php/apt.gpg -O- | apt-key add -
echo "deb https://packages.sury.org/php/ $linux_version main" | tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ondrej.list
apt update -y
systemctl start nginx || (echo "Erreur quelque part ..." && exit 1)
systemctl start mariadb || (echo "Erreur quelque part ..." && exit 1)
systemctl enable mariadb || (echo "Erreur quelque part ..." && exit 1)
systemctl enable nginx || (echo "Erreur quelque part ..." && exit 1)
echo " === Installing php ... ==="
apt install php7.3 php7.3-fpm php7.3-xml php7.3-curl php7.3-gd php7.3 php7.3-cgi php7.3-cli php7.3-zip php7.3-mysql php7.3-mbstring php7.3-intl php7.3-json php7.3-bz2 php7.3-ldap php-apcu imagemagick php-imagick php-smbclient -y
echo " === Configuring php ... ==="
[[ ! -e /etc/php/7.3/cli/php.ini.bak ]] && (bash configure_php.sh || (echo "Erreur quelque part ..." && exit 1)) || echo "PHP déjà configuré, skip"
echo " === Configure MariaDB ==="
configMariaManual() {
mysql_secure_installation || (echo "Erreur quelque part ..." && exit 1)
}
configMariaAuto() {
mysql -e "UPDATE mysql.user SET Password = PASSWORD('$db_pass_root') WHERE User = 'root'"
isLocalhostUsers=$(mysql -e "select user from mysql.user;" | grep "localhost")
isTestDB=$(mysql -e "show databases" | grep "test")
[[ -n $isLocalhostUsers ]] && mysql -e "DROP USER ''@'localhost'; DROP USER ''@'$(hostname)'"
[[ -n $isTestDB ]] && mysql -e "DROP DATABASE test"
mysql -e "FLUSH PRIVILEGES"
}
[[ $configMaria == "auto" ]] && configMariaAuto || configMariaManual
[[ ! -e /etc/mysql/my.cnf.bak ]] && (mv /etc/mysql/my.cnf /etc/mysql/my.cnf.bak && cp my.cnf /etc/mysql/ && service mysql restart) || echo "MariaDB déjà configuré, skip"
echo " === Create and configure database... ==="
isDBCreate=$(mysql -e "show databases" | grep "nextcloud")
[[ -z $isDBCreate ]] && mysql -e "CREATE DATABASE nextcloud;CREATE USER 'nextcloud'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY \"$db_pass\";GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nextcloud.* TO 'nextcloud'@'localhost';FLUSH PRIVILEGES;ALTER DATABASE nextcloud CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci;" || echo "La base de donnée de nextcloud est déjà créé, skip"
echo " === Installing and configure Redis... ==="
apt install redis-server php-redis -y
[[ ! -e /etc/redis/redis.conf.bak ]] && cp /etc/redis/redis.conf /etc/redis/redis.conf.bak || echo "Redis est déjà configuré, skip"
sed -i "s/port 6379/port 0/" /etc/redis/redis.conf
sed -i "s/redis.sock/redis-server.sock/" /etc/redis/redis.conf
sed -i s/\#\ unixsocket/\unixsocket/g /etc/redis/redis.conf
sed -i "s/unixsocketperm 700/unixsocketperm 770/" /etc/redis/redis.conf
sed -i "s/# maxclients 10000/maxclients 512/" /etc/redis/redis.conf
usermod -a -G redis www-data || (echo "Erreur quelque part ..." && exit 1)
[[ ! -e /etc/sysctl.conf.bak ]] && cp /etc/sysctl.conf /etc/sysctl.conf.bak || echo "sysctl est déjà configuré, skip"
sed -i '$avm.overcommit_memory = 1' /etc/sysctl.conf
service redis-server restart || (echo "Erreur quelque part ..." && exit 1)
echo " === Installing NextCloud... ==="
if [[ ! -e /var/www/nextcloud ]]; then
mkdir /var/www/nextcloud
chown www-data:www-data /var/www/nextcloud
chmod 750 /var/www/nextcloud || (echo "Erreur quelque part ..." && exit 1)
wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/latest.tar.bz2
tar -xjf latest.tar.bz2 -C /var/www && chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/ && rm -f latest.tar.bz2
fi
if [[ ! -e /var/nextcloud ]]; then
mkdir -p /var/nextcloud
chown www-data:www-data /var/nextcloud
chmod 750 /var/nextcloud || (echo "Erreur quelque part ..." && exit 1)
fi
## Add local IP as secondary trust domain
# Prefere occ methode ...
# sed -i "/0 => '$nc_domain'.*/a \ 1 => '$ip_local:$nc_port'," /var/www/nextcloud/config/config.php
ip_local=$(/sbin/ifconfig | sed -En 's/127.0.0.1//;s/.*inet (addr:)?(([0-9]*\.){3}[0-9]*).*/\2/p')
[[ $nc_port == 80 ]] && nc_port_loc="" || nc_port_loc=":$nc_port"
[[ -e /var/www/nextcloud/config/config.php ]] && isNCConfig=$(cat /var/www/nextcloud/config/config.php | grep "'installed' => true")
[[ -z "$isNCConfig" ]] && sudo -u www-data php /var/www/nextcloud/occ maintenance:install --database "mysql" --database-name "nextcloud" --database-user "nextcloud" --database-pass "$db_pass" --admin-user "$admin_user" --admin-pass "$admin_pass" --data-dir "/var/nextcloud/"
sleep 0.2
sudo -u www-data php /var/www/nextcloud/occ config:system:set mysql.utf8mb4 --type boolean --value="true"
sudo -u www-data php /var/www/nextcloud/occ config:system:set trusted_domains 0 --value=$nc_domain
sudo -u www-data php /var/www/nextcloud/occ config:system:set trusted_domains 1 --value=$ip_local$nc_port_loc
sudo -u www-data php /var/www/nextcloud/occ config:system:set overwrite.cli.url --value=$nc_domain
isNCConfigAdd=$(cat /var/www/nextcloud/config/config.php | grep "activity_expire_days")
if [[ -z "$isNCConfigAdd" ]]; then
sudo -u www-data sed -i 's/^[ ]*//' /var/www/nextcloud/config/config.php
sudo -u www-data sed -i '/);/d' /var/www/nextcloud/config/config.php
cat config_complete.php >> /var/www/nextcloud/config/config.php
fi
sudo -u www-data sed -i "s/output_buffering=.*/output_buffering=0/" /var/www/nextcloud/.user.ini
sudo -u www-data php /var/www/nextcloud/occ app:disable survey_client
sudo -u www-data php /var/www/nextcloud/occ app:disable firstrunwizard
sudo -u www-data php /var/www/nextcloud/occ app:enable admin_audit
sudo -u www-data php /var/www/nextcloud/occ app:enable files_pdfviewer
echo " === Configure nginx ... ==="
cp nextcloud.conf /etc/nginx/conf.d/
cp *optimization.conf /etc/nginx/
sed -i "s/NC_DOMAIN/$nc_domain/" /etc/nginx/conf.d/nextcloud.conf
sed -i "s/NC_PORT/$nc_port/" /etc/nginx/conf.d/nextcloud.conf
sed -i "s/80 default_server;/81 default_server;/" /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default
chmod u+x ../ssl.sh
if [[ $isSSL == "false" ]]; then
../ssl.sh nonssl
else
../ssl.sh certif
../ssl.sh ssl
fi
echo " === Mise en place des scripts et crons ... ==="
[[ ! -e /opt/scripts ]] && mkdir /opt/scripts
cp nc_optimize.sh /opt/scripts/
cp upgrade.sh /opt/scripts/
cp occ /opt/scripts/
echo "alias occ='/opt/scripts/occ'" >> ~/.bashrc
alias occ='/opt/scripts/occ'
[[ -z $(crontab -l | grep "/var/www/nextcloud/cron.php") ]] && (crontab -l ; echo "*/5 * * * * sudo -u www-data /usr/bin/php -f /var/www/nextcloud/cron.php > /dev/null 2>&1") | crontab -u root - || echo "cron nextcloud ever set, skip"
[[ -z $(crontab -l | grep "/opt/scripts/optimize.sh") ]] && (crontab -l ; echo "5 1 * * * /opt/scripts/optimize.sh > /dev/null 2>&1") | crontab -u root - || echo "cron optimize ever set, skip"
sudo -u www-data php /var/www/nextcloud/occ background:cron
echo " === Restarting services ... ==="
service php7.3-fpm restart && service nginx restart && service mysql restart && service redis-server restart
bash /opt/scripts/nc_optimize.sh
exit 0
## Ressource complète: https://www.c-rieger.de/nextcloud-installation-guide-ubuntu